It is important to note that driver education is not available in all schools and that participation in driver education may demand an additional cost, therefore limiting access to some young drivers.
GDL systems consist of three stages: the learner’s permit stage which provides an extended time period of supervised driving; the intermediate or provisional stage that limits independent driving under high risk conditions, such as at night or with teen passengers; and, finally, full licensure. Parent involvement in novice teen driving: A review of the literature. Encouraging youth to view wearing a seat belt as a social norm and establishing strict enforcement guidelines help to promote seat belt use (NHTSA, 2010). (PDF, 39 pages) This Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website provides links to state-specific GDL information.The type of seat belt law in a state is associated with the seat belt use rate for teen and adult drivers alike. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)’s Parents Are the Key campaign provides resources and information for parents about teen driving and what they can do to help their teen become a safe driver.NHTSA (2008a) has suggested that it is a key component of the graduated licensing system. Retrieved from Child/Road_Traffic_Injuries/ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Vital Signs: Nonfatal, Motor Vehicle--Occupant Injuries (2009) and Seat Belt Use (2008) Among Adults --- United States. The Fourth R: Strategies for Healthy Youth Relationships The Fourth R is a school-based evidence-based program that that promotes healthy relationships and targets dating violence, bullying, peer violence, and group violence. Healthy teens This website provides information about healthy youth relationships as well as further links to tips for parents on building and promoting healthy relationships with teenagers.